Case #1: West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette (1943)



Here's what this case is about: its about a kid in school

that by his religion was not able to say the pledge of allegiance

the minersville School District v. Gobitis case said that all of jehovahs witnesses

must say the pledge the court said that the flag represented the national unity and the

pledge was necessary to promote patriotism. the Barnette, a Jehovah's Witness, did

not alow hes child topartisipate in the pledge so the kid was expelld Barnette was subject to

a fine and jail. Lower appeals courts held that the Gobitis precedent meant Barnette

had no protection under the First Amendment.

Here is a screenshot of a map of the town where the issue came up:

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These were the two opposing values:

Barnette valued his right by religion not to say the pledge. The government values the patriotism encouraged by saying the pledge.

This is important background we learned about the case:

*In 1940 the schools districts an the court rule that the jehovah's Witnesses

must partisipate in the pledge.

*The court an schools did not respect the first amendment witch is freedom of religion.

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These are a few vocabulary words that will help you understand the case:

pledge; a solemn promise or undertaking

allegiance; loyalt

This is what the Court decided:Barnette, a Jehovah's Witness, did not allow his child to participate in the flag salute. His child was expelled. West Virginia officials threatened to send his son to a state reformatory. Barnette was sentence to a fine and jail.